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Over 50% of imported pharmaceutical certificates in Nigeria fake

By admin Feb 5, 2024
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The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) has raised the alarm over fake certificates of pharmaceutical products that are imported into Nigeria.

Speaking Monday at the stakeholders’ engagement meeting with regulators, policymakers, and law enforcement agencies in Abuja, the Director-General of NAFDAC, Mojisola Adeyeye, revealed that over 50 per cent of such certificates are fake.

The certificate of a pharmaceutical product is expected to follow the guidelines of the World Health Organisation (WHO) and it establishes the status of the product and the applicant for the certificate in the exporting country.
According to Mrs Adeyeye, substandard and falsified products threaten access to safe, efficacious, and affordable medicines, and undermine the achievement of universal health coverage in Nigeria, and Africa.

She explained that WHO created a scheme called Certificate of Pharmaceutical Product (CPP) and what this means is that “if we send a CPP out to another country, we are assuring the receiving country that it will be of quality.”


According to Mrs Adeyeye, most of the medicines imported to Nigeria are from South East Asia.

“We have a scheme where before medicines that were approved leave that part of the world, we do pre-shipment testing, and that comes with CPP to assure us of quality, but that is not the case, because through our scheme we have been able to stop over 140 products that were approved for coming in,” she said.

“We found out that more than 50 per cent of the CPPs that come into our country are fake. Part of those responsible is our people that go to China or India and we are going to deal with it.“

She said the agency is more stringent than ever, hence there is no cutting of corners.

She noted that trade is a mutual agreement and if that agreement is harming one part of the agreement, it will be stopped.

“If a company is suspected to be compromising, in two hours we will be there, and we will shut the company down,” she said.

Major threat

Mrs Adeyeye expressed concern that the significant prevalence of substandard and falsified medicines in Africa poses a major threat to public health, adding that the prevalence of falsified medicines in the region is due to limited regulation processes.

“Only about 10 per cent of national regulatory agencies have attained maturity level three. What leads to maturity level three is market control, and that is one of the nine models of maturity level three, so we have a lot of work to do in Africa,” she said.

“The NAFDAC’s mandate puts a burden on us to see a reduction in substandard and falsified medicines, both the ones that are locally manufactured and the ones that are imported.”

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Mrs Adeyeye said the agency is doing its best to fight substandard and falsified medicines and products based on three thematic areas, which are to prevent, detect, and respond.

In 2022, the WHO certified NAFDAC as a stable, well-functioning, and integrated regulatory system maturity level three rating scale of the Global Benchmarking Tool.

According to WHO, NAFDAC is eligible for inclusion into the transitional WHO Listed Authority, a list of regulatory authorities that should be globally recognised as meeting WHO and other international standards.

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